National Burn Awareness Week February 5 - 11 2023
By Commissioner Steven Freeman
February 2, 2023

Safety Tips to Prevent Scald Injuries
A scald is any burn caused by a hot liquid or steam. Bathing and kitchen-related accidents are the most common causes of scalds and CAN be prevented. The Burn Center at Cooperman Barnabas offers tips to help make your home a safe environment.
If someone should sustain a scald injury, The Burn Center recommends the following:
1. Remove any wet clothing and run cool water over the burn to slow down the burning process.
2. Avoid using home remedies or ice which often makes a burn worse.
3. Seek IMMEDIATE medical attention by calling 9-1-1, visiting your physician or seeking emergency care at a hospital/burn center. Delaying treatment can result in a more serious injury.

Kitchen Safety
• Never leave cooking unattended.
• Keep the stovetop and oven clean, as a buildup of grease and debris can ignite easily.
• Keep stove area clear flammable materials. Don't leave oven mitts, paper or cloth towels near the stove.
• Dishtowels should never be hung on the oven door.
• Do not place or spray aerosols near an open flame.
• Cook on back burners and turn pot handles in to prevent accidental spillage.
• Wear close-fitting clothes and roll up sleeves. Turn stove top flames off before reaching above the stove.
Microwave Ovens
• Use only containers designed for microwave use.
• Allow food to cool before removing it from the microwave.
• Prevent steam burns by removing lids carefully. Stir thoroughly to distribute heat evenly.
• Never microwave a baby bottle.

Kid's Corner
• Create a “kid-free zone” around the stove/oven.
• Do not allow appliance cords to dangle within reach of small children.
• Keep hot liquids out of reach of children.
• Do not use tablecloths or placemats when small children are present.
• Do not cook on the stove, eat or drink hot foods while holding a child.
• Keep children out of the kitchen during hectic meal preparations. Assign older children to be responsible for younger children during this time if necessary.
• Store all matches and lighters up high, out of children's reach.
• Use child-resistant lighters.

Bathroom Safety
• Set water heaters at 120 F. Anything higher puts those in your household; especially small children and the elderly, at risk for scald injuries.
• Do not use hairdryers or other electrical appliances near the sink or a full tub.
• When preparing a bath for small children, remember to keep the water temperature no more than 101° F as their skin is more sensitive to heat. Have the children test the water themselves before getting in.

Heating Safety
• Space heaters need space - at least three feet away from anything that can burn - including furniture, drapes and rugs.
• Keep children and pets away from all heaters.
• Never leave heaters unattended.
• Refuel kerosene heaters with kerosene only, outside, after the heater has cooled.
• Always use an approved glass or metal protective screen in front of your fireplace.
• Store flammable materials like newspaper, kindling or wood away from stoves and fireplaces.
• Do not use throw rugs in front of the stove or fireplace.
• Have your chimney inspected by a professional once a year and have it cleaned if necessary.
• Use only dry seasoned wood in wood stoves and fireplaces.
• Addition of wood and attendance to the fire should be the responsibility of an adult.
• Have a fire extinguisher readily available.
• Never dispose of ashes, hot or cold, in anything but a metal can or bin.

• Always store paint and other flammable liquids in their original, labeled containers with tight-fitting lids and away from heat sources.
• Remove trash from your home.
• Don’t store anything near a furnace or water heater.
• Clean the lint trap on the clothes dryer after each use.
• If flooding occurs, turn off electrical circuits before stepping into the water.

• Never smoke in bed or near flammables.
• Provide smokers with large, deep ashtrays and douse butts with water before discarding them.
• Douse butts with water before discarding them.
• Check around cushions and upholstered furniture for smoldering cigarettes before going to bed.

Outdoor Safety
• Gasoline should always be stored outside in a detached shed or garage, in small amounts, in an approved, sealed container out of reach of children.
• Never use gasoline or other flammable liquid as a cleaning agent.
• Never fill gasoline motors in an enclosed space, such as a garage.
• Before starting a lawnmower, snow blower, or motorcycle; move it away from gasoline fumes.
• Let small motors cool before you refuel them.
• Never use gasoline to enhance or start a fire.
• Don’t add charcoal lighter fluid once the fire has started (use dry kindling to revive the flame).
• Use grills outside only, well away from buildings, vegetation and other combustibles.
• Supervise children carefully when a grill is used.
• Never allow horseplay around the grill.

Hyperlinks: American Burn Association
NFPA Burn Awareness
Attachment Cooking Burns.pdf  (431k)
Attachment Cooking Safety for All.pdf  (455k)
Attachment Cooking Safety for Older Adults.pdf  (282k)
Attachment Gasoline Burn Prevention.pdf  (255k)
Attachment Kitchen Fire Safety .pdf  (862k)
Attachment Scald Prevention.pdf  (343k)